Rivne Oblast is an oblast (province) of Ukraine. Its administrative center is Rivne. The area of the region is 20,100 km²; its population (as of 2004-05-01) is 1.2 million. The Rivne Oblast was created as part of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic on December 4, 1939. Before 1992, under the policy of Russification, the region was officially known under its Russian name of Rovno Oblast. In the mass media it is often referred as Rivnenshchyna – Ukrainian: Рівненщина. The Rivne Nuclear Power Plant is located in the oblast, near the city of Kuznetsovsk.