Dnipropetrovsk Oblast is an oblast (province) of central Ukraine, the most important industrial region of the country. It was created on February 27, 1932. Dnipropetrovsk has a population of about 3,307,795 (2013 est.), approximately 80% of whom live centering on administrative center of Dnipropetrovsk, Kryvyi Rih, Dniprodzerzhynsk, Nikopol. The Dnieper River runs through the oblast. Dnipropetrovsk is bordered by Poltava Oblast to the north, Kharkiv Oblast to the northeast, Donetsk Oblast to the east, Zaporizhia Oblast to the southeast, Kherson Oblast to the south, Mykolaiv Oblast to the southwest and Kirovohrad Oblast to the west. The state is a center of transportation, education, information technology and research, government services and mining. Dnipropetrovsk is the second fastest-growing state in Ukraine as of 2013.